Tuesday, December 24, 2019
Essays on Public Pension Promises Assignment The paper "Public Pension Promises" is a great example of an assignment on finance and accounting. Why have employers wanted to shift from DB to DC plans? What is the difference in accounting treatment for a public traded company sponsoring a DB plan versus a DC plan?When viewing from the employee perspective, the Defined Benefit (DB) plan is advantageous because the employer funds the plan. The employers realize the rewards of the DB plan upon the retirement of the employee because they keep and spend the money earned by the employees. For the DB accounting plan, the accounting system applied is accrual accounting. The present value of the future benefits is set equal to the pension plan liability. On the other hand, the DC pension plan employs the cash accounting system. Ã Why have employees accepted and often embraced the shift from DB to DC plans? What are the potential negative effects of this shift for employees?Defined contribution plans are inefficient if compared with defined contribution plans. This is amidst the assumption that the defined contribution plan saves money. The DB Plan is considered to have benefits of higher returns on investment, economies of scale and risk pooling.This shift from DC to the DB has negative impacts as the employers mistake cost savings for cost-shifting. (Novy, Robert, Rauh, 1212 ) This misguidance causes the overall costs to rise steadily, as the retirement security plummeted.The DC plans do not exist in the public sector; therefore, the workers in this sector are contributing to the payment of pension. This shift in plans does not act to save the taxpayers from spending more money. Despite the minimal transaction costs, the participants required to contribute two times, more than the traditional defined be nefit.Is employer stock an appropriate investment alternative for DC plans? Should there be a limit to the amount of employer stock held in any participant's account?The contributions that are employer directed are the dominant source necessary for the participants to hold a concrete position on the company stock. (Novy, Robert, Rauh, 1215)In addition to this, there should be a limit to the employer stock, as the participants are more likely to hold the concrete company position. This limit is stipulated at 20% more than the investment made by the employer stock. The odds that accompany having a concentrated position rise with employers directing other non-matching contributions into the company stock.How many funds are too many for a 401(k) plan? Should 401(k) plans allow trading in individual securities as well as mutual funds? (Discuss requirements of the number of funds that must be offered as well)The 401(k) plan that has 25 investment choices has too many funds. This is becau se the availability of many funds possibly paralyzes the investors, and this causes massive losses when the investors lack advisors. The 401(k) plan should allow trading in the individual securities, and this plan should offer not more than seven funds. The fund should have two or three bond funds, with an offer of three or four equity funds. (Novy, Robert, Rauh, 1223) In addition, the plan should have an investment option exposure platform for various assets and commodities.
Sunday, December 15, 2019
Cassie and Nick heard fire trucks in the distance as they walked toward CassieÃ¢â¬â¢s house. To extinguish the burning trees, Cassie figured. They sped up their pace to be safely out of the line of suspicion for arson. We will write a custom essay sample on The Secret Circle: The Divide Chapter 13 or any similar topic only for you Order Now There was no telling what angle the hunters would take in order to destroy them. Once they were safely shut into CassieÃ¢â¬â¢s house, Nick went into overdrive. Ã¢â¬Å"We should tell the others,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"We should get them all over here right now.Ã¢â¬ His clothes were soaked through from the rain, and his hair dripped down in front of his face. Ã¢â¬Å"Wait,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said, moving from the kitchen to the living room. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s time for that.Ã¢â¬ She retrieved two large bath towels from the linen closet and tossed one at Nick. Ã¢â¬Å"Dry yourself off,Ã¢â¬ she said. He laughed. Ã¢â¬Å"I guess we are a little wet.Ã¢â¬ In one swift motion, he pulled his T-shirt over his head and wrung it out over the kitchen sink. Cassie caught herself gaping at his muscular torso and quickly turned away. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to go change,Ã¢â¬ she said, running off to her bedroom. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be right back.Ã¢â¬ When she returned, Nick appeared mostly dry, and his shirt was thankfully back on. But so were his shoes, and Cassie knew Nick was about to bolt. Ã¢â¬Å"You know what?Ã¢â¬ Nick said, moving toward the door. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to go home and take a hot shower. Then IÃ¢â¬â¢ll let Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to go home and take a hot shower. Then IÃ¢â¬â¢ll let the others know what happened.Ã¢â¬ As much as Cassie wanted Nick to stay there with her, she knew she had to let him go. Ã¢â¬Å"A hot shower does sound nice,Ã¢â¬ she said. Nick paused with his hand on the doorknob. Ã¢â¬Å"I assume youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take care of telling Adam.Ã¢â¬ Cassie nodded. But once Nick was gone, all she could do was sink into the couch. She lost track of how long she was sitting there, but it was long enough that when her mother came home, she startled as if woken from a dream. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s such a nice day outside,Ã¢â¬ her mother said. Ã¢â¬Å"You should be out by the water.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, I shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬ Her mother had just been to the farmerÃ¢â¬â¢s market. She hauled overstuffed bags of fruits and vegetables onto the kitchen countertop, oblivious to CassieÃ¢â¬â¢s mood. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you hungry?Ã¢â¬ she asked. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll make some lunch.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Mom,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said, and the way she said it finally captured her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s attention. Ã¢â¬Å"What is it?Ã¢â¬ she asked, and joined Cassie on the couch. Ã¢â¬Å"What happened?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Just a scare. But IÃ¢â¬â¢m pretty sure it was the hunters.Ã¢â¬ Her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s face paled. Ã¢â¬Å"So theyÃ¢â¬â¢re not stopping with Constance.Ã¢â¬ Cassie shook her head. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m afraid not. I need you to tell me what you know about them.Ã¢â¬ Cassie could hear the pleading in her own voice. Her mother was visibly uneasy. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know much,Ã¢â¬ she Her mother was visibly uneasy. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know much,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"But there is one story from when I was much younger.Ã¢â¬ Cassie drew in her breath as quietly as possible. Ã¢â¬Å"Go on.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Back when I was with your dad.Ã¢â¬ Cassie tried to remain perfectly still, to not make the slightest sound, nothing that could disturb the delicate balance of this moment Ã¢â¬â a story about her father. Ã¢â¬Å"We were on a road trip,Ã¢â¬ her mother said, staring straight ahead. Ã¢â¬Å"With some friends. And we had a run-in with a hunter family. One of our friends was marked with an ancient hunter symbol.Ã¢â¬ Cassie thought back to the symbol she saw on ConstanceÃ¢â¬â¢s forehead. Ã¢â¬Å"The W inside the hexagon,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes.Ã¢â¬ Her mother swallowed hard. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the way the hunters determine their victims. Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve been marked, itÃ¢â¬â¢s nearly impossible to escape ultimate death.Ã¢â¬ Cassie made no reaction. She let her mother continue. Ã¢â¬Å"But your father saved my friend. And we all escaped.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"So he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t all bad,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said. Her mother tried to smile. Ã¢â¬Å"He was powerful. People were afraid of his intensity, but when he cared about something, he was fiercely loyal to it.Ã¢â¬ Her voice quivered. Ã¢â¬Å"And he was charming. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t resist him, and I loved that I was all his, and he was all mine. I was special in his eyes. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s how I got him to save my friend from the witch hunters. He did it all for me. He would have done anything for me.Ã¢â¬ A single tear fled down her cheek like a winding river. She quickly wiped it away with the top of her finger. Ã¢â¬Å"Ultimately, he put his desires in front of everyone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s, but there was a reason I was with him in the first place.Ã¢â¬ This was a totally new side of CassieÃ¢â¬â¢s father, a side she had never known, never even considered. And she suddenly realized something. Her mother had genuinely loved John Blake. Real love. The way Cassie loved Adam. The kind of love that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t go away just because the person turns out to be different than you thought. When Cassie reflected on this, she understood why it was so difficult for her mother to talk about him. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t that she was being distant or secretive; she was still hurting. Cassie threw her arms around her mother and squeezed her too hard. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you for telling me,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"About him.Ã¢â¬ Cassie sat thinking, trying to process all sheÃ¢â¬â¢d just learned. She tried to picture what her mother was like when she was happy and in love. And she imagined what it would be like now if her parents were still together. But in this mental picture her father was a regular man, a husband, and a father Ã¢â¬â not a force of evil. It was wishful thinking, in no way useful to Cassie now. Whether or not he was ever good, Cassie had to remind herself of what her father had done. Ã¢â¬Å"I wish I knew more about the hunters that would be helpful,Ã¢â¬ her mother said. Her eyes glazed over for a moment, and Cassie assumed their conversation was over. But then her mother said, Ã¢â¬Å"We can leave, you know, if you want to. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to stay in this town.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I canÃ¢â¬â¢t leave,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said, taken aback. Ã¢â¬Å"And you know that.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I thought that once, too,Ã¢â¬ her mother said. Ã¢â¬Å"But it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t true. You can always leave.Ã¢â¬ Cassie moved carefully toward her mother. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re the one who brought me here, remember?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And I can be the one to take you away.Ã¢â¬ Her mother met her eyes sharply now. Ã¢â¬Å"I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t run away,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said, her voice cracking with emotion. Ã¢â¬Å"You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t run away because of Adam.Ã¢â¬ Her mother said it as a statement rather than a question. As if it were a weakness that she knew too well. Ã¢â¬Å"I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t run away because I took an oath,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said. Her mother started crying again, not just one single tear this time but many, as if a dam had broken inside her. Ã¢â¬Å"I never wanted this for you,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"This is exactly what IÃ¢â¬â¢ve spent my entire life trying to protect you from.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I know.Ã¢â¬ Cassie strived to sound unafraid. Ã¢â¬Å"But the best way you can protect me now is to keep talking to me, keep telling me things I need to know from the past, even if theyÃ¢â¬â¢re hard to talk about. Because I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have anyone else to tell me these things but you.Ã¢â¬ Her mother opened her arms, and Cassie let herself be held. Ã¢â¬Å"I promise you, Cassie,Ã¢â¬ her mother said. Ã¢â¬Å"All I want is for you to be safe.Ã¢â¬ They cried together for a little while, holding each other. It felt to Cassie like they were in mourning, grieving a death, and perhaps in a way they were. The death of the protective silence between them, and of their secrets and lies. The death of normalcy. Her mother rubbed soft circles into her back and told her everything would be okay, that they were in this together. For the first time, Cassie felt like a daughter. Later that night, Cassie went to AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s to tell him about the hunterÃ¢â¬â¢s attack on the beach. They rarely hung out at his house, and she was happy for the change of scenery. She loved being in his bedroom. Lying on his bed, she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help but imagine him sleeping there, wrapped in those same sheets, with his features softening innocently as he dreamed. She gazed around the room and observed his things, everyday items that would have no meaning to her if they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t belong to him Ã¢â¬â his schoolbooks stacked on his desk, his sneakers piled haphazardly in the closet, and a pair of jeans strewn on the floor. She could almost see him coming home from school, tossing the books down, kicking off his shoes, and stepping out of his jeans into something more comfortable. She felt an affection for the whole scene as she imagined it, and for every object he touched Ã¢â¬â by extension, it was all a part of him. Adam returned to the room with some snacks and drinks in hand. He closed the door behind him. Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry itÃ¢â¬â¢s a little messy in here,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"I tried to clean it up, but . . .Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s perfect just like this,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said. He joined her on the bed, and she had the sudden urge to start rubbing his shoulders, to kiss his face and his neck Ã¢â¬â to forget all about the awful storm on the beach. AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s breathing slowed, and Cassie could sense he was thinking the same thing. He swept his fingers suggestively across her thigh. Ã¢â¬Å"You look beautiful tonight,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"But IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been worried about you. What happened today?Ã¢â¬ His hand slid from her thigh up to her hipbone, which was his favorite place to touch her. Cassie took a deep breath and sat up. Ã¢â¬Å"I went for a walk on the beach, and I ran into Nick,Ã¢â¬ she said. Cassie paused to read AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s expression, but his face remained neutral. Ã¢â¬Å"And I was glad to see him,Ã¢â¬ she continued, Ã¢â¬Å"because you know IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been trying to repair my friendship with him any way I can. But weÃ¢â¬â¢d just got to talking when the sky turned black and this awful storm started. We knew immediately by the looks of it that it was something supernatural.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The hunters,Ã¢â¬ Adam said. Cassie nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"We couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t get away fast enough. Lightning bolts were flying straight for us. One would have . . .Ã¢â¬ Cassie felt herself get choked up. She struggled to swallow down the knot that had formed in her throat. Ã¢â¬Å"Nick risked his life to save me, Adam. I would have been hit if he hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t acted so quickly to push me out of the way.Ã¢â¬ Lines formed on AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s forehead, but he stared straight down at the bedspread. Ã¢â¬Å"He proved himself a real friend in that moment,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said. Ã¢â¬Å"To both of us. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you think?Ã¢â¬ Adam continued looking down for a moment before raising his eyes to meet hers. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, youÃ¢â¬â¢re right,Ã¢â¬ he said, and then shifted uncomfortably. Cassie could see by the way he tightened his jaw that he was bothered it was Nick who had saved her, but he would never say that. Ã¢â¬Å"I wish IÃ¢â¬â¢d been there, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m glad youÃ¢â¬â¢re okay.Ã¢â¬ Adam took her hands and massaged them in his own. He brought them to his lips and kissed them. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what I would have done if youÃ¢â¬â¢d been hurt.Ã¢â¬ He kissed the inside of her wrist and up her forearm. Cassie knew where this was leading. As difficult as it was, she forced herself to remove her arm from his grasp. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s more,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"I talked to my mom. Really talked to her.Ã¢â¬ Adam refocused his attention and sat up straight. Ã¢â¬Å"And?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She told me about my father. You know he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t all bad, Adam. She really loved him.Ã¢â¬ Adam seemed unsure of how to react. Black John was always a touchy subject between them. Ã¢â¬Å"I know how that sounds,Ã¢â¬ Cassie said. Ã¢â¬Å"But try to imagine it. Being in love with someone the way we are, truly in love, and then losing that person to the dark side.Ã¢â¬ Adam shook his head. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to imagine that.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Neither do I, so think about how awful it must have been for my poor mother.Ã¢â¬ Cassie could feel her emotions getting the best of her, and she fought the urge to start crying. Adam reached for her hands again. Ã¢â¬Å"I can hardly think of anything worse,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"But itÃ¢â¬â¢s good that you can understand it now. IÃ¢â¬â¢m glad you had this breakthrough with your mom.Ã¢â¬ Cassie let her eyes wander around AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s room. For some reason it was difficult to look at him just then. Instead, she focused on the poster taped to his wall, of some band sheÃ¢â¬â¢d never heard of. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure your father was easy to fall in love with,Ã¢â¬ Adam said. Ã¢â¬Å"He was a charismatic man, a natural leader. Your motherÃ¢â¬â¢s smart Ã¢â¬â she wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been with him otherwise. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t her fault, what happened.Ã¢â¬ Sometimes Adam knew just what to say. It was a subtle shift in CassieÃ¢â¬â¢s mind, but all of a sudden she felt at ease. If Adam didnÃ¢â¬â¢t blame her mother, in a way that meant he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t blame Cassie either. She locked eyes with his and reached for him. Ã¢â¬Å"The important thing is that youÃ¢â¬â¢re okay,Ã¢â¬ Adam said, allowing himself to be drawn in. Ã¢â¬Å"And that weÃ¢â¬â¢re together.Ã¢â¬ Cassie lay back, and Adam curled up next to her, pulling her close. She loved him so much, it almost ached. She felt she could never get enough of him. Adam kissed her passionately and then paused for a moment. Ã¢â¬Å"With everything going on,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m just relieved Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Cassie put her fingers over his mouth to quiet him. Ã¢â¬Å"Enough talking,Ã¢â¬ she said, and pulled him closer. How to cite The Secret Circle: The Divide Chapter 13, Essay examples
Saturday, December 7, 2019
Josiah Platt Soc 210 1. What is GoffmanÃ¢â¬â¢s principle of Ã¢â¬Å"impression managementÃ¢â¬ , in your own words? Why is it often called the dramaturgy model of social interaction? (Look at chapter 5! ) GoffmanÃ¢â¬â¢s principle of impression management means that we always try to give that good impression of ourselves, even if that means lying to do it. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s often called the dramaturgy model of social interaction because people put a facade on depending on the person theyÃ¢â¬â¢re with. For example, my brother was born here, while most of my family was born in New York. When we go up to New York, my little brother Zach has the biggest New York accent you have ever heard in your life. 2. How is technology changing social interaction? Has it changed the interactions you have with family and friends, how? Are there more distractions that interfere with your social interactions? (Make sure to reread and incorporate concepts from pages 120-124 Ã¢â¬Å"interaction in cyberspaceÃ¢â¬ in your answer. ) I believe that technology has changed face to face interaction. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a lot different talking to someone face to face than it is to message them on Facebook. My Dad always talks to me about this. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a Facebook; in fact he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to turn on a computer. A lot of my friends have smartphones, and when there is an awkward moment in public, itÃ¢â¬â¢s straight to twitter, Facebook, texting, or some new app. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a smartphone or texting, so I either endure the pain of the awkward moment, or I act like IÃ¢â¬â¢m texting someone. Online social interaction does do some good though. I have a brother in law who is a loner, but I can talk to him on Facebook. There are more distractions that interfere with social interactions in my life, though they usually donÃ¢â¬â¢t come from me. As I said earlier, I may pretend that I have the ability to shut the world out via my phone, but I really canÃ¢â¬â¢t. 3. Do you see these new forms of social interaction as positive, negative, or both? Explain. As I said in the second question, I see these new forms of social interaction as both positive and negative. There are moments when I wish I could get on my smartphone that I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have and I could play words with friends or jump on twitter when an awkward moment arises, but I usually try to live through that gap. Some people live on their phones though. I have a friend who is always doing something new on his phone. Instead of asking someone where to eat, he can shake his phone and itÃ¢â¬â¢ll act as a slot machine and magically come up with a place. Interaction in cyberspace has eliminated a lot of social interaction, which canÃ¢â¬â¢t be good. There is a flipside, though. I really do have a brother in law who as our society would say, is socially awkward. He often would come over and not say a word. There are times that I go babysit for their family and itÃ¢â¬â¢s just us in the living room and you could hear a pin drop. He added me to a fantasy football league a couple of years ago and now we have something in common to talk about. We still havenÃ¢â¬â¢t found much common ground but when all else fails, we just talk about sports. 4. How do you respond to the argument that these new technologies produce more alienated people, instead of bringing them together? By alienated, I mean withdrawn or emotionally disconnected from normal society) I think that the argument of more alienated people from society is right. Even talking on the phone is becoming old and outdated. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t text, so IÃ¢â¬â¢m always talking to my friends on the phone. I have friends who tell me that IÃ¢â¬â¢m the only person they talk on the phone with. Everyone else gets a text. I actually had a conversation with one of my best friends for 39 minutes two weeks ago. I was so proud of myself. There is a fear of awkward moments in our society and we will do whatever it takes to avoid that moment. Right now that means eliminating social interaction with strangers. 5. Look at the social networking site (i. e. MySpace, Facebook, LinkedIn) of a friend, co-worker, or your own, and apply GoffmanÃ¢â¬â¢s dramaturgy/impression management theory of social interaction. After writing down an overall review of elements that you see on the page (even the use of cultural elements such as a subculture, dress, language use, norms), discuss the impression this person giving off. How might their/your friends interpret that impression? How might a potential employer interpret that impression? This profile uses the new timeline layout. There is a picture of an MLS soccer game from a good seat as his banner picture. For his little profile picture, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a picture of him with two of his friends at an N. C. State football game. He has his job listed underneath his profile picture along with his birthdate, where he was born, and the college he goes to. He is closing in on 1000 friends, so IÃ¢â¬â¢d say heÃ¢â¬â¢s a popular guy. A lot of his posts are about sports. He stays out late I can see since he checked in on four square at waffle house at 3:00 AM. He posts a lot of song lyrics on his page as well. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t curse on Facebook, which is good if an employee looked at his page. He usually dresses in a t-shirt and jeans. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s giving off this impression that heÃ¢â¬â¢s always in a good mood and watches a lot of sports. I think an employer wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind at all if he looked at his profile (unless heÃ¢â¬â¢s a duke fan).